发信人: ears (ears), 信区: Economics
标 题: Re: 读到纽约时报一篇文章
发信站: The unknown SPACE (Wed Oct 20 09:21:52 1999), 转信
【 在 neuron (ariel) 的大作中提到: 】
I wonder which Volume you read?
: "From comparative income equality in the mid-1980's, China in the last
: decade has suddenly emerged as one of the most unequal countries in Asia,
: surpassing countries like India and Indonesia, according to reports by
: the World Bank and others.
: China's disparities surpass those of the United States and Western Europe,
: though they do not approach the extremes of Latin America."
It is concerned with the relationship between eco growth and inequality.
Kuznets(1955) introduced his now famous hypothesis that this relaiton follows
an inverted-U shape. A number of research have been done following Kuznets.
Various explanation accounts for this phenomena. Generally speaking, three
major processes brought the outcome.
1. labor force shifts from agriculture to industry;
2. rate of population growth;
3. spread of edu.
Gini coefficient of equivalent disposable income is widely employed in
cross-sectional study covering various countries. More and more explanation
pinpointed out to afford the conclusion. For an instance, the size of
industrial sector, the international division of labor, the funtion of trade
For case of China, different conclusions have been drew out. As state social-
ism country, relation follows U-shape model.
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